The isle of Lazzaretto Nuovo (once called Vigna Murada) has a surface of about 2 hectares
and lies opposite Sant'Erasmo Isle, on the homonymous canal. It is likely to have been a
strategic check point at the entrance of the lagoon. The first written evidence of a
human settlement on the isle dates back to 1015, but some finds like arrow points would
put this date back to the bronze age. In the XII C belonged to the monks of San Giorgio
Maggiore Isle. They built a small church which they dedicated to S. Bartholomew.
In the 1700s, the importance of the New Lazaret declined and the
whole area decayed.
Under the napoleonic and austrian rule the isle became a stronghold and was part of
the defensive network on the Lido harbour. The army still used it in this Century,
especially during World War I. After the armed forces moved out in 1975, the isle was
entrusted to Ekos Club, a group of volunteers who are currently taking care of it.